November 26, 2015


Bible Study Notes

Why is this Chapter in the Bible (white background)

Psalms Chapter 110 (NKJV) with commentary

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Psalms Chapter 110 (NKJV) – Word, Pdf

Chapter 110 Verses 1-7
(1) The LORD said to my Lord,  [Yĕhovah, Jehovah, Yahweh] said to [Adonay, Moshiach, Messiah]
“Sit at My right hand till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”

(2) The LORD shall send the rod  [scepter]  of Your strength out of Zion.
Rule in the midst of Your enemies!

(3) Your people shall be volunteers in the day of Your power, in the beauties of holiness,
From the womb of the morning, You have the dew of Your youth.

(4) The LORD has sworn and will not relent,
“You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.”

(5) The Lord is at Your right hand; He shall execute kings in the day of His wrath.

(6) He shall judge among the nations.  He shall fill the places with dead bodies.
He shall execute the rulers of many countries.

(7) He shall drink of the brook by the wayside; therefore He shall lift up His head.

Historical context of Psalm 110:
Psalm 110 was written by King David of Israel around 1010BC to 970BC-ish.  That’s about 3,025 years ago! (roughly at the mid-point of the Jewish calendar which is now in it’s 5,776 year).  To give you some historical context, that’s about 300 years before the Babylonian, Persian, and Greek empires rose to power, about 200 to 300 years before the ‘birth’ of the Greek gods and legends in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, and about 500 years before guys like Buddha, Confucius, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle shared their ideas on the meaning and purpose of life.

Why is this Chapter in the Bible:
Because –> about 85% of Psalm 110 hasn’t happened yet!  That’s right.  King David wrote this poem and prophecy some 3,025 years ago and most of it is about the future actions of the LORD (Jehovah God, Yahweh) and the Lord (Adonay, Messiah).  Like the other chapters in the Bible, Psalm 110 has past significance and accuracy, present relevance, and future implications.  Most Jews don’t believe it, but only verse 1 has actually happened:

The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand till I make Your enemies Your footstool”.

When Jesus Christ was born, lived, died, was buried, rose again, lived on earth for 40 days, and then, ascended into heaven in 33AD-ish, Psalm 110:1 was fulfilled and became a present reality – a current event.  According to the Bible, Jesus (God the Son, Messiah) is seated at the right hand of the LORD (God the Father) right now, even now as you are reading this.

As you read Psalm 110 thoughtfully and carefully, you’ll notice that David talks about a ‘day’ – in the day of Your power (v3), in the day of His wrath (v5).  David, so long ago, prophesied that there is a day coming that the Lord who is at the right hand of the LORD will execute judgement on the nations and rulers of the earth.  There is a day coming where the dead bodies of ‘His enemies’ are going to pile up, literally.  Have you noticed the violence and ‘unholiness’ going on in the world today?  Psalm 110 isn’t so far fetched, is it?  We live in a violent, unholy, irreverent world of people and rulers with violent, unholy, irreverent motives, actions, and lifestyles.  David said that one day the Lord will judge and tha same Lord will lift up His head with His people in victory.  The ‘rod’ and/or ‘scepter’ of the LORD will rise and rule out of Zion one day.

But –> Psalm 110 tells us in verse 1 before ‘that day’ happens – in the meantime – the Lord will sit at the right hand of the LORD “till I make Your enemies Your footstool”.  A waiting period.  A period of time where the Lord sits in equal power and authority as the LORD – aka: at My right hand – until the day of His wrath.

Say what? Crazy or real? Religious hype or holy truth?

This is why Psalm 110 is in the Bible –> the waiting period between the “sit at My right hand” and the “judge the nations” when the Lord rises to rule over all peoples as the LORD.  And why the waiting period?  why the millenniums of time inbetween Psalm 110:1 and Psalm 110:2-7?  Here’s why.  It’s so that every person has a chance to be one of ‘His people’ before ‘that day’.

So, every person can be His people.

Every one of us, you and I, have the opportunity to either volunteer to be one of ‘His people’ -OR- choose to be one of ‘His enemies’.  You get a life, you get a chance, and you get many chances in life to become one of His people.  And right now, the Lord and the LORD are waiting, working, and warning you and everyone else to volunteer and to join in His victory and the lifting up of His head.  Which side will you be on when the waiting period is over?

Let’s take a closer look at the major themes David wrote about in his poem and prophecy.

Major Themes in Psalm 110:
King David didn’t just make this stuff up.  The themes David wrote in Psalm 110 all the content, all of the subject matter – all of his poetic presentation of this prophetic information – came from the Bible (The Holy Scriptures) that David had when he was alive in 1000BC.  The 5 Books of Moses (Torah), the Book of Job, Psalm 90, the Book of Joshua, the Book of Judges, the Book of Ruth.  Again, King David didn’t just make this stuff up:

  • the LORD and the Lord
  • My right hand
  • the rod (mighty scepter) of Your strength out of Zion
  • the day of Your power (His wrath against His enemies)
  • the beauty of holiness
  • a priest according to the order of Melchizedek
  • judgment of the nations and rulers
  • the lifting up of His head

Take a look at the ancient Scriptures that David read, and studied, and mediated, and loved.  Fascinatingly, these very same Scriptures are available for us today to read, and know, and understand, and ultimately lead us to God, the LORD, the God of all peoples, and the reason Psalm 110 was written.

–>  Link – Genesis chapter 49 verses 1-2,8-12,22-26 (NKJV)

Common themes: the last days, neck of your enemies, scepter shall not depart from Judah, obedience of the people when Shiloh comes (after the ‘waiting period’ – Genesis 49:11-12), His bow remained in strength, hands of the Mighty God (right hand), and crown of the head (lifting up of His head).

–>  Link – Exodus chapter 3 verses 1-6, 14-15

Common themes: the LORD (Yĕhovah, Jehovah, Yahweh) speaking, holy ground (beauty of holiness), and the permanence and ‘personalness’ of the LORD God.

–>  Exodus chapter 15 verses 1-18

–>  Numbers chapter 22 verses 4-12; chapter 23 verses 16-25; chapter 24 verses 1-23

–>  Leviticus 10:3

verses, commentary, and notes to be continued ...

Psalms chapter 110 nkjv